Guide A Quick Guide to Web Hosting

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  4. Web Hosting & Domain 101: How Hosting a Website Works

But, I will be honest with you - learning to operate it, is the real challenge. It takes a lot of work and patience to master. A view of its dashboard background is shown in the screenshot below. A Static or Flat Webpage means a webpage in which all the information and material is presented in front of the users as it is stored in it. A Static Webpage shows the same information and data to all users. HTML offers the style of text, paragraphs creation and line breaks.

But the most important function and feature of HTML is link creation option. Static webpages are useful for their material and content, which rarely need to be revised or updated. Dynamic Webpages is the latest trend at present because they can produce different content for different visitors from the same source code file. Dynamic webpages can have a variety of purposes. For example, websites run by content management systems allow a single source code file to load the content in many different possible pages.

We should mention that all these dynamic webpages use databases. Content creators use a gateway page to submit the material for new pages into the CMS' database. The dynamic page loads the material for any page in the database, which is based on the parameters in the URL. This is done when a visitor requests for a webpage. Dynamic pages let users log into websites to see personalized content. As you now know the fundamental necessities for developing a website as a beginner developer, you will need some tools that you should have for primary usage.

Firstly, you should have a basic package of internet that has a good upload speed, minimally 1Mbps. The next step is — you should have a text editor that will help you for code writing and editing. Some of the best text editors for this purpose are as mentioned below. It is good because the text changes the color of the parameters depending on their functions. The next one in the list of most popular text editors is EditPad, which is another free tool. It has various products such as. One of the most commonly used editor is Macromedia Dreamweaver.

Generally, these FTP Clients are free and can be easily downloaded from the internet. A theme is a personalized design of a website often including its layout. Changing your theme, changes the view of how your website looks on the front-end. Usually CMS platforms have both free and commercial versions. These themes are categorized as per their functions like. Free themes are found in theme providers and they are free of charge, but sometimes the features are more limited than that of the commercial ones. Let us take the free WordPress themes as an example. On the contrary, for the commercial themes, you must pay.

You need a web host to operate on a powerful server and have stable network connections. Close to Price of Hosting Signup and Renewal Cost. Hosting deals and shared hosting especially are normally selling very cheap on signup prices, but charge much higher on renewals. What Refund Policy they are offering? Does the company provides a full money refund?

Are there any cancellation charges? Easy to use Hosting Control Panel. A user-friendly and functional hosting control panel is very important. Account Suspension — What are the limitations? Before choosing the right hosting plan, you should know what you need, a Windows OS based hosting or a Linux OS based hosting. This choice depends on the coding language that your website has.

After you have decided on the type of hosting Windows or Linux , you should define the right hosting plan. It is the most basic plan that every hosting provider offers. Shared hosting is fundamentally many hosting accounts located on one server. Some of them share the same IP address although a dedicated IP address is often available for an additional fee. This plan will always offer a specific set of features and will always have resource limits. If you are not certain, then it will be better to start with a limited plan and later upgrade it after the website grows and gets more traffic.

This refers to the partitioning of a physical server into multiple servers where each one acts just like a dedicated server, each has its own operating system and can be rebooted separately. These operating systems receive a specific share of the resources of the physical server and they are isolated from each other. This is the most powerful type of hosting , which meets the requirements and needs of big businesses. Dedicated server owners can sell hosting services for a profit. They can choose the server specifications and environment.

If you have heavy traffic, a very popular site, or a large customer database, then consider Dedicated Hosting.

A dedicated server also provides more freedom to send emails and stream media. Control panel is the administration web interface of your webhosting account. It is an interface that you access to administer all the aspects of your account. You can typically control all portions of your site within the control panel without using any additional software like FTP software to upload files, though many people find it faster and easier to do so.

Some web hosts use customized, proprietary control panels, but most of them use popular platforms. However, the leader of the industry is cPanel. It is the most spread out control panel among the hosting providers. This in general should be — yourdomain. You should then enter your username and password which the hosting company has given you. The main dashboard will be as shown in the following screenshot, where on the left-hand side, you will see the General Information , which will show the username, domain name, home directory and the IP address of the log in.

On the left towards the bottom of the screen are the Statistics like databases used, email and the add-on Domains. The next important is FTP Accounts , where you can create users that can use programs like FileZilla to upload or download files. It can edit, add, truncate databases and tables. You can use these Addon Domains to host additional domains on your account. The Site Publisher is used to quickly create a website from a set of available templates. The Subdomains folder is a subsection of your website that can exist as a new website without a new domain name.

The Metrics section is more for statistics of your website. You can see each one will give different reports for your website. There is also ModSecurity that is used to secure Apache. After understanding most of the important factors of Website Development, it is now time to set up a webpage. For setting up a webpage, we should adhere to all the steps given below. Digital Certificates are a standard of security for establishing an encrypted link between a server and a client. This is generally between a mail server or a webserver that protects data in transitions by encrypting them.

It validates the domain that is registered by a system administrator and he has the administrator rights authorization or permission to approve the certificate request. This validation is generally done by an email request or by DNS record. It validates the domain ownership and business information like the official name, City, Country.

Validation is done also by email or DNS record entering. The certificate authority also needs some genuine documents to verify your Identity.

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The Organization Validated SSL Certificates display the company information in the certificate details as shown in the following screenshot. It validates the domain ownership, organization information and the legal existence of the organization. It also validates that the organization is aware of the SSL certificate request and approves it. The validation requires documentation to certify the company identity plus a set of additional steps and checks.

The Extended Validation SSL Certificates are generally identified with a green address bar in the browser containing the company name like the one shown in screenshot below. Each SSL Certificate Provider has different products, prices and levels of customer satisfaction, which is nearly the same logic like purchasing web hosting. To check the best offers and products you can try SSLShopper by clicking on the following link. In this chapter, we will deal with e-commerce. Which are the most popular and secure ecommerce platforms?

What is needed to secure them? E-commerce is selling and buying goods and services from the internet and paying through this medium. This transaction happens between clients to business, B2B, client to client. As in between all this, there are money transactions which we should be cautious when using, or setting up e-commerce websites. Some of the top e-commerce platforms which are secure as well are listed below along with a detailed explanation about them. This platform is one of the best and is developed by eBay. Magento can be easily integrated with the PayPal gateway.

It has two versions— Free Version and Pay Version. The vulnerabilities are patched too fast. It has a vast variety of plugins and customization. It has SaaS solutions , which means Elastic scalability, high resilience and availability, PCI compliance, global availability and automated patching, while still maintaining flexibility in software customization that our merchants require. In fact, none of the hosted solutions will offer customizable checkout process, so you can jump the Self-Hosted section right away. Shopify has many apps that you can download and install on your store, which extend the default features or introduce new functionalities.

WooCommerce is a free e-commerce plugin that allows you to sell anything very practically. It gives you both store owners and developers complete control that use WordPress templates. It has over e-commerce templates, unlimited product uploads, mobile view, it is perfectly integrated with amazon and eBay.

It also can be integrated with most of the payment gateways. From security perspective, it is PCI compliant. Payment Gateway is an online payment processing technology which helps businesses to accept credit cards and electronic checks. You should finalize that payment gateway which is supported in your country, not all them operate globally. You should check what payment gateways are supported better from your ecommerce platform. For example, PayPal gateway is fully supported by Magento because the same group have created them. Payment gateway should be of 3. What payment method do they support?

Do they support your type of business? Following is the list of the most widely used and popular payment getaway providers along with a brief history about them. PayPal is one of the longest established and probably the best-known service for transferring money online. It was created in , Amazon Payments provides your customers with the same checkout experience they get on Amazon. No monthly fees, no extra charges for different cards and different payment methods, also for different currencies.

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It is among the most powerful and well-known payment gateways. It is well-supported by e-commerce WordPress plugins. To create a small business website is not a complicated task. The main fear is to figure out the content of the website, which is one of the main reasons business owners are put off. Small Business websites are best when they are simple with minimal text and just a single option on each page — for example, a Submission Form, or a Contact Us button.

Business websites also tend to follow a standard format, using a few essential pages. Also, include customer testimonials, unless you want to link this out on a separate page like social media as Facebook. On the page where you detail your products or services, spend one to five sentences describing each category you offer and give prices. The links to any social media accounts such as Twitter and Facebook should appear on this page.

Embed a Google map of your location. Creating a backup of your website is important because it provides insurance against all types of setbacks, such as security compromises, inadvertently deleting your site files and database corruptions. It is suggested backing up your site before you make changes each time and every time. If something goes wrong, you have a fresh copy that you know is working. It might seem like a hassle, but the first time you use a backup, you're going to pat yourself on the back for having so much foresight.

You connect your local computer to your hosting account and move files between them. To backup your website, you should just copy all the files from your hosting account to your local computer. To do so, you should access the phpMyAdmin tool available in your cPanel. To automatically backup a website we can do it through the CPanel Console , which can be done by clicking on the Backup Wizard as shown in the screenshot given below. After clicking on Backup Wizard, the next window that will show up will be like the following screenshot.

It will be explaining what all will be backed up with the tools provided by the cPanel. Webpage Migration is a process of moving a webpage from one host to another.

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As migration is a process, the following steps are needed to complete it in a minimal downtime of your webpage. Point your new domain name servers with your current registrar and wait for the new records to be propagated. You can check it by just simply trying to open another website and see if you get the same result or not. You should check with the hosting provider, if your hosting plan has expired or not maybe you forgot to pay it. You should also check with your domain registrar, if your Domain Name is still valid and it has not expired too. You can check this by opening CMD, type ping yourdomainname.

To check if the database is functioning in the backend, you should have confirmation that the username, file permissions, passwords and ports of the database did not change. Securing your webpages is as important as developing it, because any threat which can compromise the security can harm your business reputation, damage you financially by stealing your online deposits , damage your clients that visit your website, etc. As per security experts, they will suggest to do the website security check based on the OWASP TOP 10 , which is a powerful awareness document for web application security.

XSS flaws occur whenever an application takes untrusted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation or escaping. A direct object reference occurs when a developer exposes a reference to an internal implementation object, such as a file, directory or a database key. Without an access control check or other protection, attackers can manipulate these references to access unauthorized data. Good security requires having a secure configuration defined and deployed for the application, frameworks, application server, web server, database server and the platform.

Secure settings should be defined, implemented and maintained, as the defaults are often insecure. Many web applications do not properly protect sensitive data, such as credit cards, tax IDs and authentication credentials. Attackers may steal or modify such weakly protected data to conduct credit card fraud, identity theft or other crimes. Most web applications verify function level access rights before making that functionality visible in the UI.

However, applications need to perform the same access control checks on the server when each function is accessed.

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If requests are not verified, attackers will be able to forge requests to access functionality without proper authorization. Components, such as libraries, frameworks and other software modules almost always run with full privileges. If a vulnerable component is exploited, such an attack can facilitate serious data loss or server takeover.

Applications using components with known vulnerabilities may undermine application defenses and enable a range of possible attacks and impacts. Web applications frequently redirect and forward users to other pages and websites. These applications use untrusted data to determine the destination pages. Without proper validation, attackers can redirect victims to phishing or malware sites or use forwards to access unauthorized pages. This is the case where you have a VPS plan and you manage everything on your own.

When the services are installed they use default ports. This makes the job easier to a hacker because he knows where to look at. The port changing of those services varies depending on the Operating System and its different versions. In addition to this, you have to install a firewall. In case your OS is Windows, you can use its incorporated firewall. To block brute force logins in your services, you can use Fail2ban , which is a Linux based software and block all the IP addresses which makes many failed login attempts.

Speeding up a webpage or a website is as important as finding the right hosting provider or domain name. It is an open source project that is primarily being developed and supported by Google. When buying a domain name you have to provide accurate contact information or else your domain registration could be terminated.

Every day, this valuable contact information is targeted by spammers and telemarketers resulting in unwanted and unsolicited contact. Also, since your contact information is public, you are at risk for identity theft and fraud and of being contacted by spammers. For example, the. On the other hand, the Canadian registry for. Also, the. Bandwidth means the amount of data a website can transfer over the time and determines the speed of your site i.

If your site has hazier pages with like those with lots of pages, images, videos, etc. If bandwidth were a tunnel, the bigger the tunnel, the more cars can pass through it. Web Hosting accounts usually have a data transfer limit. This is the amount of data the hosting package can provide to the internet within the given period usually a month. This is similar to you home internet account, for example, where you pay so much for your connection with a fixed download limit.

If you go over your monthly limit, depending on your provider, you may find your internet speed slow or be charged extra for every additional megabyte of data. FTP is built on a client-server architecture and uses separate control and data connections between the client and the server. Everything before the sign is the local name and everything after it is the domain name.

Email is one of, if not the single most important business communication tools around. Communication is essential in business. But How you communicate is even more important. It represents to your customers about your professionalism and authenticity. In Spite the popularity of professional email services, there is still many businesses, which still rely on free mail accounts like Gmail, Yahoo, and Hotmail for their business communication. A mail server sometimes also referred to an e-mail server is a server that handles and delivers e-mail over a network, usually over the Internet.

A mail server can receive e-mails from client computers and distribute them to other mail servers. A mail server can also deliver e-mails to client computers. A client computer is normally the computer where you read your e-mails, for example, your computer at home or in your office. Also, an advanced mobile phone or Smartphone, with e-mail capabilities, can be regarded as a client computer in these circumstances. IMAP and POP are the protocols or technologies using which you can download messages from mail servers on your computer and access them with the help of mail clients such as Microsoft Outlook, Mozilla Thunderbird, etc.

There are different options to access the email on web hosting account. Webmail is the option provided by most web hosts to access the emails. The most popular webmail clients provided are Horde , RoundCube, and Squirrel mail. There are far too many things you have to consider. When setup an online presence for your business making a mistake could cost you money as well as lost reputation.

But this leaves us with the question; what makes a good web host? How they answer these questions will determine what is the right Web Hosting solution for your website? As with all these factors do some research, get some opinions and make an informed decision. First understand and look at all the features available then only compare the prices. I hope that I have given you a basic understanding of how web hosting works. It will help you out to choose the right provider, and you can start your web hosting business.

This is a fascinating industry where a high price does not provides you quality web hosting and support. So be careful while choosing the provider and if you are still confused. After going through your article I have started incorporating many new things which I did not care about earlier in my every blog post. Thanks for sharing such an amazing information. Very detailed guide for beginners like me, no need to refer any other sites for more details.

Thanks Anuradha! The perfect blog to learn about hostings and domains. Recently I started a new affiliate blog on hostings your blog helps to write the articles and read new concepts on hostings. This post i really enjoyed, spent a good time. Thanks, Anuradha! Sharing your knowledge with your blog readers. Am bookmarking your blog. This article was extremely helpful for the newbie bloggers who want to start their blog.

I am visiting for the first time here and I really appreciate the way you have created such a detailed post. Great to hear that you found the article helpful.

Web Hosting Guide for Beginners

Thank you for stopping by and sharing your comment here. Thanks Anuradha for sharing the amazing information for the guide beginner about the web host. Ultimate Web Hosting Guide. What is Domain Name? Who is Domain registrar? What is website hosting? What is Web Server? Who is Web Host? Here are the basic terms: — The server receives the request for a page sent by your browser. To display your website on the internet, you need a web hosting provider. Easy detection and fixation of security flaws and this enables better data protection and safety.

Windows can run ASP and. NET scripts. It is also very reliable and safe to use. Windows hosting normally costs more than Linux Hosting.

Why Do We Need Websites?

Also Windows is more prone to viruses and spyware compared to Linux. All you have to do is read them and pick the right choice for you. Shared Hosting Shared Hosting is a very convenient option for the beginners who are planning a launch a Small Website or a Blog.

Beginner's Guide to Web Hosting | UKcentric

Shared Hosting is like living in an apartment. Pros: Shared hosting is easy and affordable. In shared hosting, shared resources can slow down the whole server. Shared hosting is meant for smaller websites. Shared hosting is less flexible than dedicated hosting. Have a look. Your access to server is limited, if there will be a long downtime in server then you will have to suffer the same thing which may lead in loss of your precious clients.

VPS hosting plans are easily scalable. Private space is more expensive in VPS hosting than shared hosting. Let me clear you their difference by taking a simple example: If you are going to construct a shop, you need to buy a land. The address of your shop is the domain name. The Uniqueness of Domain Name One of the best things about domain names is that they are unique. Domain Name Vs Subdomain A subdomain is not the same as a domain. A domain is pretty simple: gmail.

How does it work? Whois Privacy Restrictions Although most domain extensions are not currently restricted. Similarly, the. What is Bandwidth? What is File Transfer Protocol? Email operates across the Internet or other computer networks. Email Servers and Clients: A mail server sometimes also referred to an e-mail server is a server that handles and delivers e-mail over a network, usually over the Internet. Email Protocols: IMAP and POP are the protocols or technologies using which you can download messages from mail servers on your computer and access them with the help of mail clients such as Microsoft Outlook, Mozilla Thunderbird, etc.

It means whatever changes you make to your email account in the mail client will not be transferred to the webmail inbox. POP just downloads email to your computer, and usually but not always deletes the email from the remote server. IMAP allows users to store their email on remote servers. This two-way protocol also allows the user to synchronize their email among multiple devices, which is crucial today. What is their Promised uptime guarantee? Does they use cPanel for one click installations of selected software? How can they insure that unauthorised users will not compromise the integrity of your Web site?

May I cancel my subscription at anytime? Are there any penalty fees for switching or closing my web hosting account? What makes them better than their competitor? What are the monthly maintenance fees and what do they cover?

Web Hosting & Domain 101: How Hosting a Website Works

Do they even offer backup solutions? What is the restoration process and timeline to recover data from a backup? How secure is the site? Do they have a trial period or money-back guarantee? What is the refund policy during the trial period? Can I view a sample site that is hosted on the same web hosting server that my web site will be on? Do they have a knowledgebase of tutorials? Will they be able to easily upgrade your web hosting account? What are the payment methods and payment plans?

About the Author: Anuradha Chawla. Anuradha is the co-founder of DHost. She developed the interest in web hosting and search engine optimization. Anuradha has been in web hosting industry for four years. In her free time, she loves eating new foods, reading books and spend time with her family. Connect with Anuradha on Facebook chawlaanuradha.

Related Posts. May 12th, 31 Comments. April 21st, 19 Comments. April 21st, 8 Comments. Saurabh Deswal June 23, at pm - Reply. Your blog was amazing to read. Keep posting. Anuradha Chawla June 23, at pm - Reply.